Author Archives: allennz

Matthew Maguire

Matthew Maguire – a machinist from Paterson, New Jersey – was usually secretary of the organizations he joined and rarely appeared on the front line of the agitation he supported. If he stood on the platform, he was likely to … Continue reading

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Theodore Cuno

Theodore Cuno, born in Prussia in 1847 and an engineer by profession, was a prominent member of Marx’s International Workingman’s Association (the First International) in Europe. Exiled from Milan he moved to the US in 1870, where he worked firstly … Continue reading

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Peter J McGuire

Peter J McGuire, born in 1852 in New York City, was a carpenter and, in his early years, a political activist as well as an active labor unionist. He was a founder of the Social Workingmen’s Party of America in … Continue reading

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Knights of Labor Local Assembly 1562 (LA 1562)

In Brooklyn in mid-1880 a local assembly of the Knights of Labor, LA 1562, was established which would later become a notorious component of the story of the rise and fall of the organization. It was a ‘mixed’ branch not … Continue reading

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Central Labor Union of New York and Vicinity (CLU)

In December 1881 a meeting was called by the prominent trade unionist Robert Blissert for the new year for the purpose of ‘sending greetings and encouragement to the tenants and workingmen of Ireland in their struggle against the English feudal … Continue reading

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Labor Day

Within a few months of its establishment in early 1882, the Central Labor Union of New York and Vicinity (CLU), having acquired 50 federated organizations and 50,000 affiliated members, felt confident to take the step that would put it, and … Continue reading

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The Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor

In the early 1880s, in parallel to the activities of the Irish Land League and the emergent political parties, but not disconnected from them, lay a similarly turbulent range of activities within the trade union movement. The Noble and Holy … Continue reading

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The Irish Land League movement

The Irish National Land League was established in late 1879 with the republican and Fenian Michael Davitt as the prominent founder, and Charles Stewart Parnell, a radical, but parliamentary-oriented, aristocratic MP, as its President. The principal purposes were the reduction … Continue reading

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The Irish World

The Irish World was founded by Patrick Ford in Brooklyn in 1870. Linking Irish news to labor issues that were more international in character, it reached at one stage a circulation of 100,000. In the light of this broad range … Continue reading

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Socialistic Labor Party

The party had initially been founded in 1876 as the Workingmen’s Party, as a result of the merger of four groups including Marx’s Internal Workingmen’s Association (the First International) which had moved its headquarters from Europe to New York. Initially, … Continue reading

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